All About Breast Ultrasound Basics

What is Breast Ultrasound?

breast ultrasound examBreast ultrasound is a technique that makes use of sound waves to check the breasts. Ultrasound imaging that is also known as sonography or ultrasound scanning involves the exposure of a certain body part to sound waves of high frequency.  This leads to the images or pictures of the interior body parts being displayed. In the case of a breast, the internal parts are produced.

 Common uses of the procedure


• Determination of breast abnormalities

This is the primary purpose that breast ultra sound serves. Through its help, a physician can be able to detect any abnormality that might endanger the health of a patient. It is thus possible to differentiate between a cyst or a solid mass. 

• Location of growth

The ultrasound can help a specialist know if there is a growth by examination of the nipple. Basing on whether the liquid coming out of the nipple is bloody or clear, the physician can now make an informed conclusion about the breasts state. 

• Guided breast biopsy

The procedure is used to help in characterizing the nature and category of breast abnormality. This is mainly because it gives real-time pictures. A biopsy guided by the ultrasound will yield fruits even where breast ultrasound has failed. In the biopsy, some cells are removed either using a surgical procedure or any other less invasive approach.

• Other procedures

These procedures usually include plastic surgeries on a breast area. The most common one is a breast augmentation. However, it's also wise to check your breast health before turning to any natural breast enlargement pills.

How it is performed

The patient lies down on the back with arms raised over the head. A special kind of clear gel is applied to the area under study. It functions to help the transducer in having a secure contact with the area of study. Air pockets between the breast and the transducer are also eliminated. The machine is then pressed firmly against the skin then pulled back and forth. This is done until the intended images are obtained. The whole undertaking runs for approximately for 30 minutes.
The device works by sending sound waves to tissue of the breast. They are these waves that help in the creation of the desired images. The images are then displayed on the screen thereby enabling the physician to study them and draw the rightful conclusion. Lucky enough, the procedure does not cause any kind of discomfort. When the breast tissues appear to be in their normal condition, then all is well.

Before the examination

The physician takes the person to be examined through the basics as well as what to expect. A consent form is signed if invasive procedure is also part of the breast ultrasound. The procedure does not require any sedation or anything of the sort before it is undertaken.
The candidate dresses in clothes that will allow access to the area that is supposed to be worked on. Other preparations will be made according to the medical history of the person. On the day of the procedure, one is required to avoid the application of lotions, gels, powder or any other substance to the breasts. 

After the procedure

The gel that had been applied is removed when everything is completed. There is no specific special care that is recommended after the procedure. What happens afterwards is left at the discretion of the specialist who will decide basing on the prevailing health condition of the patient. 

Implication of the abnormal results 

Ultrasound is used to show if there are noncancerous growths that includes cysts, lipomas or fibroadenomas. Cysts are sacs that are fluid-filled, lipomas are those fatty acid growths that are noncancerous while fibroadenomas are noncancerous growths. The ultrasound also shows breast cancers.

Risks involved

There are no risks involved for pregnant mothers since the procedure doesn't use radiation. This is contrary to other tests like mammography which aren't suitable for use on pregnant mothers.
Obesity or large breasts are also likely to interfere with the accuracy of the results. 
Other risky situations are dependent on the medical condition of the specific patient. For this reason, before the procedure is carried out, the patient should engage the physician in a discussion so that everything is made clear. This will avoid a lot of complications that occur while in the process. 
Breast ultrasound has brought a lot of relief in determining the healthy status of the breasts. It has many pros as compared to the cons which makes it the preferred choice. It is also easy to understand how the procedure works thus the patients know what to expect.